About School
S. Maier
Y. Kanemitsu
B. Altshuler
J. Gómez Rivas
P. Varga
G. Kresse
L. Ranno
J. Wunderlich
K. Lips
K. Ensslin
D. Vuillaume
A. Shah
R. Janssen
A. Zaban
T. Schmidt
9th IUVSTA school

International Summer School on Physics at Nanoscale

16th - 21th June 2008
Devět Skal, Czech Republic

Invited Speakers

Stefan Maier
My research interests centre on nanophotonics and plasmonics - the exploration of light and light/matter interactions on the nanoscale -, and on metamaterials - the creation of artificial media with optical properties not found in nature. Of particular interests are nanostructured metallic systems, which allow the breaking of the diffraction barrier of conventional optics, opening up new possibilies over the control of light, as well as the creation of designer materials with fascinating electromagnetic properties such as negative refractive indizes and tailored electric or magnetic resonances. Applications such as nanoscale optical waveguides or highly integrated biological sensors are set to revolutionize 21st century science and technology in the coming decades.
My introductory book on plasmonics:
The first edition of my introductory book on plasmonics has sold out, and Springer is currently running a reprint. Copies should be available again from January on. Also, the Russian publishing house Scientific Publishing Centre "Regular and chaotic dynamics" is preparing a translation, with a print-run of 700 copies.
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Yoshihiko Kanemitsu
Research Center for Elements Science - Photonic Elements Science, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University
Study on Semiconductor Nanostructures nanoparticles, Study on Molecular Electronics exciton
2006, Yazaki Memorial Foundation Award, Inoue Prize for Science, 2005 The Ichimura Prize, 2004 Phosphor Award
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Boris Altshuler
Boris Altshuler (born 27 January 1955 in Leningrad, USSR (now St. Petersburg, Russia)) is a professor of physics at Columbia University. His specialty is theoretical condensed matter physics.
Altshuler received his diploma in physics from Leningrad State University in 1976. He continued on at the Leningrad Institute for Nuclear Physics, where he was awarded his Ph.D. in physics in 1979. Altshuler stayed at the institute for the next ten years as a research fellow.
In 1989, Altshuler joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. While there, he received the Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (now called the Agilent Physics Prize) and became a fellow of the American Physical Society.
Altshuler left MIT in 1996 to take a professorship at Princeton University. While there, he became affiliated with NEC Laboratories-America. Recently, Altshuler has joined the faculty of Columbia and continues to work with the NEC Labs.

Awards and Honors:
• 1993 Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize
• 1993 Became a fellow of the American Physical Society
• 1996 Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
• 1998 Recipient of the Heinz R. Pagels Human Rights of Scientists Award.
• 2002 Elected to the National Academy of Sciences
• 2003 Oliver E. Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society
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Jaime Gomez Rivas
Head of the groupd Nanowire Photonics
Center for Nanophotonics, FOM-Institute AMOLF, Philips Research Laboratories Eindhoven

Research interests:
• III-V semiconductor nanowires as building blocks for nanoscale optoelectronic devices.
• Complex metallic structuctures for enhanced, polarized and directional emission of light sources coupled to surface plasmon polaritons and particle plasmons.
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Peter Varga
Head of Surface Physics - Arbeitsgruppe Oberflächenphysik
Institut für Allgemeine Physik, Technische Universität Wien

Research interests:
• Ultra-thin films of oxides and metals; study of growth modes, structure and interface structures on the atomic scale.
• Determination of the magnetic structure of ultra-thin films by using SMOKE (Surface magnetooptical Kerr effect) and comparison with the crystallographic structure determined by STM.
• Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) of multicomponent surfaces between 5 K and room temperature with chemical contrast on the atomic scale.
• Quantitative Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) (I/V-curves; full dynamic LEED calculations) as a complementary method to STM for determination of the crystallographic structure as well as the chemical composition of the near-surface layers.
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Georg Kresse
Since approximately 1991, I am devoting most of my time to the development of ab initio density functional methods. My continued efforts to improve the numerical algorithms have resulted in a stable and versatile package called VASP (Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package), which is presently used by about 500 academic institutions and roughly 50 industrial licensees. Simultaneously, a database of PAW potentials covering the entire Periodic Table has been developed. This database is unique in terms of precision, robustness and completeness and allows even casual users of density functional methods to perform calculations for most compounds and structures without worrying about basis sets or pseudopotential details.
November 1997 Erich Schmid Prize of the Austrian Academy of Science
September 2001 Ludwig Boltzmann Prize of the Austrian Physical Scociety
Juni 2003 Start Preis des Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF)
September 2003 Hellman Preis der Internationalen Arbeitsgemeinschaft Theoretische Chemie
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Laurent Ranno
Magnetic thin films and nanostructures Group Magnetic Thin Films and Nanostructures is a research group in Laboratoire Louis Néel dedicated to the fabrication and study of magnetic thin films, patterned and self-organized nanostructures, as well as nanostructured materials. We are primarily interested in model systems to unravel details of processes such as Magnetization Reversal, Magneto-Resistance, Exchange-Coupling, Surface/Interface Anisotropy, etc.
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Joerg Wunderlich
Advanced Electronic Devices, Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory
The continued march of miniaturization in electronics provides a constant challenge for designing future technologies. For several decades, it has been realized that quantum mechanics plays a significant part in the operation of commercial semiconductor devices. The Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory was established to create new device concepts based on quantum mechanical principles, and conducts this research in collaboration with Hitachi’s worldwide network of research laboratories. Such nanoelectronic devices are expected to be the basic building blocks of future microprocessors, memory chips and HDDs.
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Klaus Lips
Deputy Head of the Silicon Photovoltaics Departmenty
My research activities are concerned with the electronic properties of semiconductors and organic materials used for device applications such as solar cells, displays, lasers, or even quantum computers (very hype). In particular, my group and I try to identify the defects of a given material, and their role in recombination.

The main methods that we use for such studies are:
• Continuous-wave electron spin resonance (cw ESR) and time-domain ESR
• Electrically and optically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR and ODMR) Detektion in both continuous-wave and time-domain
• Photoluminescence
For (fun) details, presentations, and publications please refer to my personal homepage.
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Klaus Ensslin
Klaus Ensslin has been Professor of Solid-State Physics at the ETH Zurich since October 1995.
Born in Stuttgart, Germany, Klaus Ensslin studied physics at the University of Munich and at the ETH Zurich. After completing his doctoral dissertation at the Max Planck Institute in Stuttgart, he was a postdoc at the University of California in Santa Barbara, USA. From April 1991 until September 1995 he worked at the University of Munich. His habilitation thesis was awarded a prize from the University of Munich. In 1995 he received the Gerhard Hess prize of the German Science Foundation promoting outstanding young researchers.

The primary research interest of Klaus Ensslin lies:
in the fabrication, in experimental investigation and understanding of semiconductor nanostructures.
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Dominique Vuillaume
Dominique VUILLAUME (Electronics Engineer degree, 1981; Ph-D in solid-state Physics, 1984: Habilitation diploma in solid-state Physics, 1992) is CNRS research director at the Institute for Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology (IEMN) located at the university of Lille. He is head of the « Molecular Nanostructures & Devices » research group at IEMN. He was scientific advisor for industrial compagnies (Bull R&D center) and he is presently scientific advisor at the CEA "Chimtronique" research program. His research interests (1984-1992) covered Physics and characterization of point defects in semiconductors and MIS devices, Physics and reliability of thin insulating films, hot-carrier effects in MOSFET's. Since 1992, he is now engaged in the study of the physical and electrical properties of organized organic monolayers (self-assembled monolayers), and more generally in the field of Molecular Electronics. He is involved in the study of the electrical transport through organic monolayers and of the relationship with their structural properties; in the studies of monolayers of functionalized molecules; in the electrical transport through organic unimolecular devices; in the applications of organic monolayers and organic molecules to nanometer-scale devices and molecular-scale electronics. He is the author or co-author of more than 130 scientific (peer-reviewed) papers in these fields, 36 invited conferences.
Main publications in the field of molecular nanostructures & devices:
1/f tunnel current noise through Si-bound alkyl monolayers. N. CLEMENT, S. PLEUTIN, O. SEITZ, S. LENFANT, D. CAHEN & D. VUILLAUME. Phys. Rev. B 76, 205407 (2007). A low-operating-voltage monolayer organic transistor made of a self-assembled bi-functional molecule.
M. MOTTAGHI, P. LANG, F. RODRIGUEZ, A. RUMYANTSEVA, A. YASSER, G. HOROWITZ, S. LENFANT, D. TONDELIER & D. VUILLAUME. Adv. Func. Mater. 17, 597-604 (2007). Directed assembly for carbon nanotube device fabrication.
J.P. BOURGOIN, J. BORGHETTI, P. CHENEVIER, V. DERYCKE, A. FILORAMO, L. GOUX, M.F. GOFFMAN, S. LYONNAIS, K. NGUYEN, G. ROBERT, S. STREIFF, J.M. BETHOUX, H. HAPPY, G. DAMBRINE, S. LENFANT & D. VUILLAUME. IEDM Tech. Dig., 1-4244-0439-8 (2006). Optoelectronic switch and memory devices based on polymer functionalized carbon nanotubes.
J. BORGHETTI, V. DERYCKE, S. LENFANT, P. CHENEVIER, A. FILORAMO, M. GOFFMAN, D. VUILLAUME & J.P. BOURGOIN. Adv. Mater. 18, 2535-2540 (2006). Electron transport through rectifying self-assembled monolayer diodes on silicon : Fermi level pinning at the molecule-metal interface.
S. LENFANT, D. GUERIN, F. TRAN VAN, C. CHEVROT, S. PALACIN, J.P. BOURGOIN, O. BOULOUSSA, F. RONDELEZ & D. VUILLAUME. J. Phys. Chem. B, 110(28), 13947-13958 (2006). Tunnel current in self-assembled monolayers of 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane.
D.K. ASWAL, S. LENFANT, D. GUERIN, J.V. YAKHMI & D. VUILLAUME. Small 1(7), 725-729 (2005). Ambipolar charge injection and transport in a single pentacene monolayer island.
T. HEIM, K. LMIMOUNI & D. VUILLAUME. Nano Letters 4(11), 2145-2150 (2004). 1-octadecene monolayers on Si(111) hydrogen-terminated surfaces : effect of substrate doping.
C. MIRAMOND & D. VUILLAUME. J. Appl. Phys. 96(3), 1529-1536 (2004). Molecular rectifying diodes from self-assembly on silicon.
S. LENFANT , C. KRZEMINSKI, C. DELERUE, G. ALLAN & D. VUILLAUME. Nano Letters 3(6), 741-746 (2003). Theory of electrical rectification in a molecular monolayer.
C. KRZEMINSKI, C. DELERUE, G. ALLAN, D. VUILLAUME & R.M. METZGER. Phys. Rev. B. 64, 085405 (2001). Low-voltage, 30 nm channel length, organic transistors with a self-assembled monolayer as gate insulating films.
J. COLLET, O. THARAUD, A. CHAPOTON, D. VUILLAUME. Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(14), 1941-1943 (2000). Electronic structure of alkylsiloxane self-assembled monolayer-silicon heterostructure.
D. VUILLAUME, C. BOULAS, J. COLLET, G. ALLAN & C. DELERUE. Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16491-16498 (1998). A nano-FET with an organic self-assembled monolayer as gate insulator.
J. COLLET& D. VUILLAUME. Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(18), 2681-2683 (1998). Unimolecular electrical rectification in hexadecylquinolinium tricyanoquinodimethanide.
R.M. METZGER, B. CHEN, U. HOPFNER, M.V. LAKSHMIKANTHAM, D. VUILLAUME, T. KAWAI, X. WU, H. TACHIBANA, T.V. HUGHES, H. SAKURAI, J.W. BALDWIN, C. HOSCH, M.P. CAVA, L. BREHMER, G.J. ASHWELL. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(43), 10455 (1997). Suppresion of charge carrier tunneling through organic self-assembled monolayers.
C. BOULAS, J. DAVIDOVITS, F. RONDELEZ & D. VUILLAUME. Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4797 (1996).
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Arvind Shah
In September 2007, Professor Arvind Shah was awarded the prestigious Becquerel Prize for Outstanding Merits in Photovoltaics at the 22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (Milan, September 2007). As Professor for Electronics at the Institute of Microtechnology (IMT) at the University of Neuchatel, Switzerland, Arvind Shah started research into PV in the mid 1980s, and later founded the IMT Photovoltaics Laboratory.
Among the laboratory's innovations was (1987) the VHF (Very High Frequency) deposition technique for low-cost, high-rate deposition of amorphous silicon, which reduces fabrication times by a factor of 3. From 1993-1996 his team was instrumental in introducing microcrystalline silicon cells as new photoactive material, and rapidly obtaining conversion efficiencies higher than 5%, by applying the VHF plasma deposition technique and by reducing the oxygen content in the material. (At the moment single-junction microcrystalline silicon solar cells reach efficiencies which are as high as 9 to 10 %).
In 1994 the IMT Photovoltaics laboratory demonstrated the concept of the microcrystalline/amorphous silicon tandem solar cell. This 'micromorph' concept leads to stabilized cell efficiencies of 11 to 12%; it has become on one of the main avenues followed at present by PV Industries in their attempt to establish low-cost solar module production.
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René A. Janssen
René Janssen is full professor in physical organic chemistry. He received his Ph.D. in 1987 at the Eindhoven University of Technology for a thesis on electron spin resonance and quantum chemical calculations of organic radicals in single crystals. He was appointed as a lecturer at the TU/e in 1984, as a senior lecturer in 1991, and as full professor in 2000. In 1993 en 1994 he joined the group of Alan J. Heeger at the University of California Santa Barbara as associate researcher. René Janssen has been visiting professor at the University of Angers in France since 2000. The research of his group focuses on functional conjugated molecules, macromolecules, nanostructures, and materials that may find application in advanced technological applications. Synthetic organic and polymer chemistry are combined with advanced optical spectroscopy, electrochemistry, morphological characterization and the preparation of prototype devices to accomplish these goals. In 1999 René Janssen received the ‘Pionier’ award from the Chemistry Science Branch of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and in 2000 he was co-recipient of the René Descartes Prize from the European Commission for European for outstanding collaborative research.
Main publications in the field of molecular nanostructures & devices:
J.C. Hummelen, R.A.J. Janssen, J. Knol, M.M. Wienk, J.M. Kroon, W.J.H. Verhees, Organic material photodiode, Patent: EP1447860 (2004)
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Arie Zaban
Arie Zaban was born in Israel in 1961. He earned a B.Sc. in Chemistry (summa cum laude) and a Ph.D. in Electrochemistry (with highest distinction) at Bar-Ilan University (1987-1995). After a 2 year postdoctoral stint at the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Denver, CO), he was appointed to the senior faculty at Bar-Ilan, where he is currently a Full Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Bar Ilan Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials. Presently, Zaban also serves as the Chairman of the Israel Vacuum Society.
Prof. Zaban has published over 90 papers in refereed journals and has 8 patents. He has been awarded several prizes and fellowships such as the Israel Chemical Society Prize for Outstanding Young Scientist, the Michael Landau Research Price, a Rothschild Fellowship, and a Levi Eshkol Scholarship.
His research interests are in the fields of photo-electrochemistry and materials science, with a focus on renewable energy resources.

Current activities:
•Development of dye sensitized solar cells, plastic solar cells and photocatalytic purification systems
•New approaches to light harvesting and utilization in photovoltaic systems mainly aimed at efficient utilization of the solar spectrum
•Basic understanding of the photophysical processes involved in photo-electrochemical systems
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Timothy Schmidt
Presently visiting researcher at Laboratoire Photophysique Moleculaire, Orsay, France.
Career Profile:
• BSc (Hons 1M), University of Sydney, 1997.
• PhD, Churchill College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2001.
• Postdoctoral Researcher, Institut für Physikalische Chemie der Universität Basel, Switzerland, 2001-2003.
• Research Scientist, CSIRO Telecommunications and Industrial Physics, 2003-2004.
• Lecturer, University of Sydney 2004-2007
• Senior Lecturer, University of Sydney 2008 -

Areas of interest:
• Molecular photovoltaics
• Laser spectroscopy, time and frequency resolved
• Quantum chemical methods and electronic structure
• Interstellar chemistry
My research straddles many areas of physical and theoretical chemistry. I am fundamentally interested in molecular spectroscopy, that is - in what way molecules absorb light and what are the consequences? Closely linked to this question is the desire to understand and model these processes at a theoretical level. In addition to the fundamental knowledge gained in studying the electronic and vibrational spectra of a given molecule, the information extracted may be applied to answer broader scientific questions. Two applications of molecular spectroscopy that I am interested in are the study of conjugated molecules which are incorporated into molecular electronic components and the identification of interstellar molecules. In order to understand electronic spectra of exotic species such as those pictured, calculations must be performed. I am interested in the development and application of quantum mechanical methods for predicting the electronic spectra of various molecules.
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Czech Nanoteam
Brno University of Technology
Institute of Physics AS CR
Charles University
Masaryk University
Czech Technical University
J. E. Purkinje University in Usti nad Labem
Czech Physical Society
Czech Vacuum Society
Q-Cells AG OT Thalheim
ON Semiconductor
Uni-Export Instruments
HVM Plasma
Oerlikon Solar
FEI Czech Republic
RMI, s.r.o.
Omicron NanoTechnology GmbH
Pfeiffer Vacuum Austria GmbH
MBSS Science Service
H-TEST a.s.

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